Bok Choy Growth Prediction Model Analysis Based On Smart Farm Using Machine Learning

Aldi Sulthony Susilo, Nyoman Bogi Aditya Karna, Ratna Mayasari


Indonesia is an agricultural country that has a dependency on the horticulture sub-sector. Bok choy is
included in the mustard greens group as one of the strategic products from the horticulture. The needs for
mustard greens are getting higher. Based on Indonesia’s Central Statistics Agency data in 2019, the mustard
beans production rate increases only 2.63 % higher than in 2018. If it does not meet the desired supply, it opens
the possibility of a lack of bok choy supply at the market, resulting in high potential price fluctuations. These
conditions initiate relevant system research to help the farmer develop a bok choy crop reference guide,
especially in the seeding phase. In reducing the limitations caused by the lack of science and knowledge in the
farmer environment, the prediction model is the proposed outcome by considering the use of IoT mechanism that
has widely developed. The model is based on a system that integrates IoT’s interest in the agriculture field,
namely smart farm, for retrieving real-time data based on automatic control, MySQL database for storing data,
and machine learning technique to establish the prediction model as the guide for the farmers to find appropriate
parameters for planting bok choy. The prediction model performs using Python, a high-level popular
programming language due to its ease and open source. Python interprets the bok choy growth dataset based on
the irrigation system scenario from the integrated system with the relevant library of data preprocessing interest
and the Decision Tree algorithm of the Scikit-learn library to train the model. The system conducts a series of
machine learning phases to take the insight analysis needed to create a prediction model. This thesis’s expected
result is an ideal prediction model that results from the global system dataset based on the previous
undergraduate thesis created as a reference guide for the farmer environment in planting bok choy during the
seeding phase. The model performance metrics as the consideration in deciding the outcome model, which are
accuracy and precision.
Keywords : IoT, smart farm, machine learning, Python, Decision Tree, Scikit-learn, dataset.

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