Audit Organisasi Inovatif Di Pt. Finnet Indonesia

Purawan, Firmanto Agung, Jafar Sembiring

Abstract

Abstrak Peneliti akan melakukan audit organisasi inovatif di PT. Finnet Indonesia, sebagai langkah untuk mengetahui apakah perusahaan siap menghadapi persaingan dengan memiliki competitive advantage dalam hal kemampuan berinovasi, yang tidak hanya menjadi skill perorangan (Schumpeter, 1930), namun sudah menjadi sebuah organisasi yang memiliki karakteristik inovatif (Becker & Whisler, 1967:466). Pengukuran akan menggunakan Simple Innovation Management Effectiveness Audit, dari Tidd & Bessant (2013) Penelitian dilakukan terhadap 125 sampel kelompok Karyawan PT, Finnet Indonesia, dan 23 sampel kelompok Manajemen PT. Finnet Indonesia, dengan memberikan kuesioner berisi 40 butir pernyataan yang dijawab dengan skala sikap 1 (sangat tidak setuju) sampai 7 (sangat setuju). Kuesioner valid didapatkan sejumlah 148 sesuai komposisi yang direncanakan. Pengolahan skor dilakukan dengan SPSS v.21 menggunakan teknik bivariat Mann-Whitney. Berdasarkan hasil pengolahan data, dapat diketahui bahwa persepsi kedua kelompok pada dimensi Strategy, Process, Organization, Learning dan Linkage menunjukkan nilai skor rata-rata yang cukup baik (rata-rata skor 5.2 dalam skala 7), namun terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara skor rata-rata kelompok Karyawan dengan skor rata-rata kelompok Manajemen yang mengindikasikan perbedaan persepsi antar dua kelompok tersebut, yang dapat diinterpretasikan sebagai adanya kesenjangan dalam praktik pengelolaan manajemen inovasi di perusahaan.

Kata Kunci: Organisasi Inovatif, Manajemen Inovasi, Audit Efektivitas Manajemen Inovasi, Inovasi & Entrepreneurship


Abstract The Researcher will conduct an audit on innovative organization in PT. Finnet Indonesia, to find out its readiness to face competition by having a competitive advantage in terms of innovation ability, which is not only an individual skill (Schumpeter, 1930), but has become a characteristics of an innovative organization (Becker & Whisler 1967: 466 ). Simple Innovation Management Effectiveness Audit, from Tidd & Bessant (2013) will be used for measurement method.

Research were taken on 125 Employee-group samples, and 23 Managementgroup samples of PT. Finnet Indonesia, by giving a questionnaire containing 40 items of statements to be answered with a scale of attitude: 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree). A valid questionnaire was obtained of 148 as according to the planned Stratified Random Sampling composition. Processing scores were performed with SPSS v.21 using the Mann-Whitney bivariate non-parametric analysis technique.

Based on the results of data processing, the perception of the two groups on the Tidd’s Bessant’s Diamond Framework dimensions of Strategy, Process, Organization, Learning and Linkage showed a good average score (average score 5.2 on scale 7), but there are significant differences between the average score of Employees-Group with Management-Group’s, indicating meaningful differences in perceptions between the two groups, which can be interpreted as a gap in innovation management practices effectiveness within the company.

Keywords: Innovative Organizations, Innovation Management, Innovation Management Effectiveness Audit, Innovation & Entrepreneurship.

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