Typology Of Traditional Mosque In Palembang (Case Study : Old Mosques In The City Of Palembang, South Sumatra)


  • Rangga Firmansyah Telkom University
  • Irwan Sudarisman Telkom University


Currently the design and architecture of Islamic thought was born of a duplication and imitation of the typology of the building which is considered as a product of the Muslim community. This approach is often limited by the use of symbols or physical form that is considered to represent Islam and usually come from the Middle East. This can be seen from the development of the mosque construction and rehabilitation of traditional mosques tend to forget the local aspect as well as the values and the basic principles of Islam. Traditional Mosque of Palembang is one of the local identity of people in Palembang as well as a dedicated and have a special law as buildings of worship of Muslims (madaniyah typical). The purpose of this research is to be able to see the typology of the traditional mosque in Palembang viewed from different aspects findings in the field, as well as determine the factors that influence in its formation. This research used a case study and the basic theory of the interior in the aspects of forming the typology of Palembang traditional mosque. The results showed the typology of the traditional mosque in the city of Palembang were influenced by values and basic principles of Islam and cultural values locally based. It is formed from a combination of the influence of the Ottoman Empire and the kingdom of Demak which was adopted by the Palembang Darussalam Sultanate to build a mosque in the city of Palembang at that time.

Keywords: typology, traditional mosque, values and basic principles of Islam, the local culture, the city of Palembang.