The Java Furniture as A Local Cultural Response and Preservation In Surakarta

Kusmadi Kusmadi, Sunarmi Sunarmi, Sumarno Sumarno


This study aims to preserve ethics and Javanese manners through understanding the Javanese society sitting culture on the temple relief. A specific target in this discussion is the discovery of information about the form of Javanese furniture in the development of the best furniture design in Surakarta. The method used is explorative, to identify the form of furniture based on the information from the temples in Java. The sources obtained from the temple artifact, literature, document or archive and informant then analyzed with interactive model. The results of the analysis show that: (1) The form visually visible in the form of: pads, four-legged bench or amben, six-legged bench or amben, eight-legged amben, chairs, and thrones or singgasana. (2) Seat size is seen based on lines forming large or high plane, the form is visualized with consideration of the using for group or individual seats, social status, and materials. (3) Furniture material looks based on the thickness of the size and the technique work indicates the existence of wood and stone materials. (4) Techniques used for the completion of the sitting tools and forming the profile seen as the technique of carving and lathe (bubut). The sitting facilities are having functional: physical, personal, and social. Physical function, a sitting tool is visualized in an appropriate form of activity. The personal function, the sitting tool is visualized with the consideration of function based on differences in social status seen in the different shape and size. The social function of the sitting tool is visualized in various shapes, sizes, ornaments, and the ngrawit profile, the form is fully visualized proportional consideration between the shape of the ornament, the size, and the tehnique as the evidence of intelligence existence in the high artistic taste also the evidence of the civilization existence.

Full Text:



Atmadi, Pramono. Some Architectural Design Principles of

Temples in Jawa, (Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University


Boas, Franz. 1955. Primitive Art. New York: Dover Publication,


Noerhadi, Inda Citrnida. 2012.Old Javanese Clothing

(Busana Jawa Kuno), cet-1, Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu

Feldman, Edmund Burke. 1967. Art AS Image and Idea. New

Jersey: Prencict Hall., Inc.

Gustami, SP. 2000. Arts Crafts Carving Furniture Jepara-Aesthetic

Review Through Multidisciplinary Approach

(Seni Kerajinan Mebel Ukir Jepara-Kajian Estetik Melalui

Pendekatan Multidisiplin). Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Kartono, Kartini. 1997. General Psychology (Psikhologi

Umum). Bandung: Mandar Maju.

Denzin, Norman K. & Lincoln, Yvonna S., ed., 1994.

Handbook of Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications,


Pile, John F. 1988. Interior Design. New York: Harry N.

Abrams, Inc.

Putra, Heddy Shri Ahimsa. 2000. When the Javanese Work

Art (Ketika Orang Jawa Nyeni). Yogyakarta: Galang Press

dan Yayasan Adhikarya Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Ricoeur, Paul. 2012. Interpretation Theory (Teori

Interpretasi) (Ed. Musnur Hery). Yogyakarta : IRCiSoD.

Sachari, Agus (ed), 2005. History of Design (Sejarah Desain).

Bandung: Kelompok Studi Desain-Jurusan Desain ITB.

Santiko, et al., 2012. Scenes and Teachings of Karma Law on

Karmawibhangga Relief (Adegan dan Ajaran Hukum Karma

pada Relief Karmawibhangga). Magelang: Balai Konservasi.

Sutopo, H.B. 2002. Qualitative Research Methods: Basic

Theory and Applied in Research. (Metode Penelitian

Kualitatif: Dasar Teori dan Terapannya dalam Penelitian) .

Surakarta: UNS Press.

Sutrisno, Mudji dan Putranto, Hendar. 2005. Cultural

Theories (Teori-Teori Kebudayaan). Yogyakarta : Kanisius.

Singleton, 1972. Introduction to Ergonomic Geneva: World

Held Organization.

Stepat, Dorothy, et al., 1980. Introduction to Interior Design.

New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.

Sunarmi, 2005. Interior Parcimayasa Cultural Works of

Mangkunegara VII (Interior Parcimayasa Karya Budaya

Mangkunegara VII ). Surakarta: UNS Press.

Sunarmi, and Soedharsono, R.M.. 2006. â€Interior

Pracimoyoso Karya Mangkunegara VII In Pura

Mangkunegaran Surakarta (Interior Pracimoyoso Karya

Mangkunegara VII Di Pura Mangkunegaran Surakarta)â€.

Terakreditasi- Jurnal Humanika, ISSN: 1693-7414, Vol 19,

No: 1.


  • There are currently no refbacks.