Intercity Express Bus Safety Design Issues In Peninsular Malaysia


  • Zuhairi A. Majid Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Siti Zubaidah Ibrahim Universiti Sains Malaysia


The purpose of this paper is to provide a study on passengers’ safety for intercity express bus and road crashes data trends starting from 2003 until 2017. The study focused on the rate of injuries and deaths of intercity express buses passengers. Therefore, this study should be able to reduce the trend rate of injuries and deaths, to improve the safety of passengers and to propose appropriate safety design for intercity express bus passengers in Peninsular Malaysia. The latest accident data and survey on the safety design of the respondent derived from the intercity express bus passengers. This study has found the main cause of the accident bus driver’s negligence among others, technical problems of vehicles, road structure and lack of enforcement authorities to the bus operators. Passenger safety design (passenger safety awareness, enforcement and seatbelt awareness) were taken lightly. Therefore, a design for passengers’ safety should be prioritized and implemented to reduce the trend rate of deaths and injuries of intercity buses in Malaysia. This research can help to address the issue of death and injury rate trends intercity express buses by declaring accidents as a major problem. Therefore, passenger safety awareness program proposes to improve safety design (seatbelt) as well as enforcement on every intercity bus in Malaysia.


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