Representasi Abusive Relationship Dalam Film Posesif (Analisis Semiotika John Fiske)

Indah Putri Andini, Idola Perdini Putri

Abstract

Abstrak Budaya Patriarki masih sangat kental di Indonesia, dimana kebanyakan dari masyarakat Indonesia yang memandang bahwa laki-laki memiliki peran sebagai kontrol utama dalam masyarakat. Hal ini menimbulkan beberapa permasalahan sosial, salah satunya abusive relationship. Hal ini yang kemudian memunculkan ide bagi para sineas untuk menampilkan permasalahan sosial abusive relationship melalui sebuah film yaitu Posesif yang dijadikan penulis sebagai objek analisis dalam penelitian ini. Adapun tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui representasi abusive relationship dari adegan dalam film Posesif. Penelitian ini berdasarkan pada paradigma kritis dan menggunakan metode penelitian semiotika John Fiske berdasarkan television code yang memiliki tiga level yaitu level realitas, level representasi dan level ideologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan abusive relationship ditampilkan kedalam tiga bentuk kekerasan yaitu kekerasan verbal dan emosional, fisik dan seksual. Pada level realitas abusive relationship ditunjukan melalui kode penampilan, gesture, ekspresi dan percakapan. Pada level representasi penggambaran abusive relationship ditunjukan melalui kode kamera, pencahayaan, dan setting. Pada level ideologi, abusive relationship direpresentasikan pada budaya patriarki.

Kata kunci : Abusive Relationship, Film, Semiotika, Realitas, Representasi, Ideologi

Abstract The cultureof the patriarchy is still very resilient in Indonesia. Where most of the Indonesuan people perceive that the male has main control in society. This creates social problems like abusive relationship. This is then brings the idea for the filmmaker to show the social problem, abusive relationship through a movie which is Posesif that used as an object in this research. As for the purpose of this research is to know representation abusive relationship of a scene in Posesif movie. Research is based on paradigm critical and used a method of research semiotics by John Fiske based on the codes of television devided into three level which is level reality, level representation and level ideology. The results of the research showed abusive relationship displayed into three forms of violence that is violence verbal and emosional, physical and sexual. At the level of reality, abusive relationship to be demonstrated through codes appearancem gesture, expression and conversation. At the level of representation, abusive relationship to be demonstrated through codes camera, lighting and setting. At the level of the ideology, abusive relationship is represented in patriarchy culture.

Key words: Abusive relationship, Movies, Semiotics, Reality, Representation, Ideology

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